Physical activity is one of the key pillars in the treatment of fibromyalgia. For example, practicing swimming three times a week reduces the intensity of pain, and improves social relationships and mental health of patients.
Swimming is just as effective as walking to relieve fibromyalgia pain; as well as to improve the quality of life of people suffering from this rheumatic disease.
Research and study
As verified by a team of researchers from the Federal University of Sao Paulo , in Brazil; when carrying out a study in which 75 women with fibromyalgia who led a sedentary life have participated.
The studied patients were between 18 and 60 years old, and were divided into two groups at random; In this way, 39 women swam (freestyle) three days a week, while the other 36 walked outdoors.
Before and after the training, which took place over 12 weeks, the researchers measured on a scale of 0 (no pain) to 10 (excruciating pain); the intensity of the pain reported by the participants, and they observed that while the mean of the group that walked was 3.6, that of those who swam was 3.1.
Previous studies have already shown the benefits of physical exercise for fibromyalgia patients, especially the aerobic type, such as walking, since in addition to the improvements that patients experience physically, they also reduce depressive symptoms and emotional disorders associated with this pathology.
The study results show that although the quality of life of both groups improved; practicing swimming also led to an improvement in the social relationships and mental health of the participants.
Specialists insist that staying physically active is essential in the treatment of fibromyalgia , and therefore different alternatives are investigated to help reduce the symptoms of these patients.
The authors of the work have explained that a decrease of at least two points in the pain scale is a clinically significant achievement; and encourage all people suffering from this disease to incorporate physical exercise into their life habits.