Cannabis roots are high in many beneficial compounds. Studies have found that the roots contain high amounts of terpenes, instrumental in the production of essential oils in many plants.
Friedelin is one terpene to be identified in cannabis root, and has been independently found to have anti-inflammatory, antipyretic and analgesic effects.
Other research has shown that the roots contain significant concentrations of alkaloids, including choline, an amine that is essential for the integrity of cell membranes and atropine, a powerful alkaloid. Cannabis root has also been found to contain other alkaloid groups known as phenolic amides and lignanamides, believed to have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effects.
(Brunner, 1973). Pedanius Dioscorides (died about 199 A.D.) in his famous Herbal, which was one of the basic books on drugs throughout the Middle Ages, mentions that cannabis roots dissolve edema and relieve inflammations.
Our findings, after working with the root for 19 years, is that other concentrations of terene include Linalool, Beta myrcene, caryophyllene oxide, and Beta caryophyllene. There are traces of others which are beneficial as well.
Beta-caryophyllene, for example, is a sesquiterpene found in the essential oil of black pepper, oregano, and other edible herbs, as well as in various cannabis strains and in many green, leafy vegetables. It is gastro-protective, good for treating certain ulcers, and offers great promise as a therapeutic compound for inflammatory conditions and auto-immune disorders because it binds directly to the peripheral cannabinoid receptor known as “CB2.”
Terpenoids increase blood flow, enhance cortical activity, and kill respiratory pathogens, including MRSA, the antibiotic-resistant bacteria that in recent years has claimed lives. Dr. Russo’s article reports that cannabinoid-terpenoid interactions “could produce synergy with respect to treatment of pain, inflammation, fungal and bacterial infections.” Patients who abandon a suitable strain for one with higher THC and/or CBD content may not get more relief.